African political dynasties: how presidents prepare their parents for power
- By Paul Melly
- Africa Analyst
Congo-Brazzaville President Denis Sassou-Nguesso is not appointing his son Denis-Christel as cabinet minister – we’re just getting started, which is why I say I’m like the family dynasty.
No, let’s say any kind of transfer is near. Don’t sign dey to say that the 77-year-old head of state wants to become the seat of power, now we just need to elect a new term for March and rule for many decades.
However, if Denis-Christel came to power after im papa comot, we say a go confam di format wey don dey dey popular for Central Africa.
For the neighboring Gabonese president, Ali Bongo Ondimba na di son of Omar Bongo, we reign from 1967 to 2009, while for the Democratic Republic of Congo, Joseph Kabila reigns for 17 years after taking power in 2001, when he assassinates im dad Laurent-Désiré at the head of the State.
The President of Equatorial Guinea Teodoro Obiang – we are my own uncle Francisco Macías Nguema as the first head of state of Di Kontri, for 1979 – do not already name my son, Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue, as vice-president , so that I can easily take power.
And after the death of Chadian President Idriss Deby last month – after being wounded by the war front – I am my son Mahamat, whether we are a four star general in the army, we will not rise up to be the leader of the acting military council.
And now the underground tok-tok, don dey dey, says Cameroon is showing itself the format of the dis kain family. Say na afta an anonymous campaign of “citizen movement” for Franck Biya, son of President Paul Biya, 88 years old, we will never even reach the middle of my new mandate of seven years.
Sources close to Franck – even though I’m not ready for politics, as we prefer a career in the private sector – are not saying to the torches that Franck is not doing anything with the campaign we are promoting my name.
But also, I never tell them to stop, and I never say a public statement that I don’t agree with my mind being successful.
Of course, political dynasties are not new – see for example di Bush and the Kennedy family for di US.
And currently for Uganda, a social media campaign has nominated General Muhoozi Kainerugaba, son of current head of state Yoweri Museveni, as a potential ruling party candidate for the next election in 2026.
But the rulers’ model that has the power to give decision-making power to the economies of West Central Africa depends on oil, like oil money is politics.
E dey also provokes rivalries and katakata within the ruling dynasties.
Rumors say that the di Obiang family’s fight-fighting is not happening, as some family members are said to prefer a son of the di chairman, Oil Minister Gabriel Mbega Obiang Lima.
But this phenomenon is particularly anchored in the petroeconomies of West Central Africa, oil revenues often lubricate networks of political patronage and empire building.
It also fuels rivalries and resentments within ruling dynasties and often creates complex networks of personal connection.
Rumors of palace intrigue are circulating among the Di Obiangs, with some family members saying they prefer an alternative presidential son, Oil Minister Gabriel Mbega Obiang Lima.
Gabon: first family intrigues
But these are not just personal issues. Ali Bongo confronts the former Minister of Foreign Affairs and head of the African Union Commission Jean Ping, inside the Gabonese elections of 2016.
Meanwhile, Ping na di former partner of President Pascaline’s sister, we are going to make President Ali Bongo an uncle for two children.
Five years after the election, Ping disagreed with defeat, as serious questions are being asked about whether the polls are free and fair.
French corruption probe
French justice does not flare up with the regime of Equatorial Guinea for allegations that it brought into France the family assets that we were using to buy corruption money.
Di Bongo and di Nguesso na im French authorities dey targe: di 13 pipo wey dem open formal investigation onop dia head also include a lawyer wey work for di President Omar.
For 2015, the French judges order their seizure of two properties for Paris, while they really believe in their own nephew of Sassou-Nguesso, Wilfrid Nguesso; not to mention 15 luxury cars joining them. Wilfrid dey is the subject of an official investigation.
Then, in mid-2017 – a year after Nguesso said the France troway di case against am – French authorities put President Julienne’s daughter and husband Guy Johnson, anoda nephew Edgar, and a former belle -sister, Catherine Ignanga, under formal investigation.
The issue relates to a $ 22.4 million money transfer, allegedly dey suspect, we got there between 2008-2009.
Equatorial Guinea and luxury sports cars im
But Equatorial Guinean vice-president Teodoro is drawing attention, with police raiding a luxury house since 2012 and seizing numerous cars, including two Bugatti Veyrons and a Rolls Royce Phantom.
Dem later, Teodoro orders him to pay a fine of 30 million euros.
Im goment International Court of Justice, we say that the Avenue Foch mansion, worth 107 million euros, is a national embassy for France and thus enjoys diplomatic immunity.
But, last December, the court rejected the argument.
Even though in some countries the recent trend is for presidents to want to put family members in power after demons, it is unclear whether the disagreement holds last.
Dis na because the African population is getting younger and the expectations of dia goments do not change.
Paul Melly na Consulting Fellow of the di Africa program for Chatham House in London.